Friday, October 11, 2013

Hyperphysica in Protestant Dogmatics

Hyperphysica (from the Greek, ὑπερϕυσικὰ): hyperphysical; beyond the physical; a term applied to the eternal generation of the Son in order to emphasize the difference between divine and creaturely generation.  The term is also used by orthodox Lutherans to characterize the illocal presence of Christ’s body and blood in the Lord’s Supper. – Richard Muller

Johannes A. Marck (Reformed)

“Est Vera haec Generatio aeterna et hyperphysica, propria tamen, non metaphorica; et describitur ut aeterna ac incomprehensibilis ejusdem numero Divinae Essentiae communication, a Patre facta Filio, ex Col. i. 15. “qui est imago Dei invisibilis, primogenitus omnis creaturae.”  Heb. i.3.  ὃς ὢν ἀπαύγασμα τῆς δόξης καὶ χαρακτὴρ τῆς ὑποστάσεως αὐτοῦ.  Col. Ii.9.  ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ κατοικεῖ πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα τῆς θεότητος σωματικῶς, etc.”

This real generation is eternal and hyperphysical, yet genuine, not metaphorical; and is described as an eternal and incomprehensible communication the same in number of the divine essence, made from the Father to the Son.  Ex. Colossians 1:15 “Who is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creatures.  Hebrews 1:3 “Who being the brightness of his glory and the express image of his hypostasis,” “Colossians 2:9 “For in him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily,” etc.

Johannes Maccovius (Reformed)

IV.  “Generatio quae in Deo est, non est physica sed hyperphysica.  Hinc liquet quam inepte argumentantu Sociniani, qui, ut tollant generationem quae est in Deo, argumenta sua proferre solent ex generatione physica; at haec nihil praeter nomen cum hyperphysica commune habet, ergo Argumentatio illorum non procedit.  Quod autem sit hyperphysica, liquet; quia Dues natura non est, sed aliquid supra naturam.”

IV.  The generation that is in God, is not physical but hyperphysical.  Hence it is clear how inept the argument of the Socinians is, who take the generation that is in God- their argument they usually bring forth is from physical generation- but this has nothing in common with the hyperphysical besides the name.  The argument of theirs, therefore, does not follow.  But that it is hyperphysical, it is evident, because God is not natural, but someone supernatural.

“V.  Generatio quae in Deo est, etsi sit hyperphysica, tamen non est metaphorica, sed proprie dicta.

Adversarii dicunt eam non proprie dictam esse generationem, qui non est generatio Physica.  At quam inepte, nam hic etiam dici posset, Deus non habet esse Physicu, Ergo, Deus non habet esse, proprie dictum.”

V.  The generation that is in God, although it may be hyperphysical, nevertheless is not metaphorical, but genuinely called.

Opponents say it is not genuinely stated to be a generation, which is not a physical generation.  But, how inept, for here too it might be said that God does not possess a physical being.  Therefore, God does not have being, genuinely stated.

Conrad Emil Lindberg (Lutheran)

“Generatio and also spiratio are described especially by the following negative and positive terms…non physica, sed hyperphysica, because the natural birth of man is not a real analogy, although the expression birth is the only relatively adequate human expression that can be used to set forth the activity of the Father in producing the Son.”